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What is central limit theorem in statistics?

By Saul McLeod, published Nov 25, 2019


365体育足球比分网 The central limit theorem states that the sampling distribution of the mean approaches a normal distribution, as the sample size increases. This fact holds especially true for sample sizes over 30.

Therefore, as a sample size increases, the sample mean and standard deviation will be closer in value to the population mean and standard deviation.

sampling distributions

Why is central limit theorem important?

The central limit theorem tells us that no matter what the distribution of the population is, the shape of the sampling distribution will approach normality as the sample size (N) increases.

This is useful, as the research never knows which mean in the sampling distribution is the same as the population mean, but by selecting many random samples from a population the sample means will cluster together, allowing the research to make a very good estimate of the population mean.

365体育足球比分网 Thus, as the sample size (N) increases the sampling error will decrease.

Summary

• As the sample size increases, the distribution of frequencies approximates a bell-shaped curved (i.e. normal distribution curve).

365体育足球比分网• Sample size equal to or greater than 30 are required for the central limit theorem to hold true.

365体育足球比分网• A sufficiently large sample can predict the parameters of a population such as the mean and standard deviation.

How to reference this article:

365体育足球比分网McLeod, S. A. (2019, Nov 25). What is central limit theorem in statistics? Simply psychology: http://tamtamsono.com/central-limit-theorem.html

How to reference this article:

McLeod, S. A. (2019, November 25). What is central limit theorem in statistics?365体育足球比分网. Simply Psychology. http://tamtamsono.com/central-limit-theorem.html

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